Region : Tolima Altitude : 1,600 – 2,000 masl Process : Castillo, Caturra Variety : Washed Grade : Excelso Q Score : 84 Bright juicy acidity, smooth texture. Red berries, brown sugar and lingering sweet toffee.
The name “Tolima” comes from the Pijao language: Tulima , Tolima or Dulima which means “Snow River or Cloud”.
The department experiences very different types of weather: from glacial with sub-zero temperatures and ever-lasting snow at 5,000 masl in Tolima and Huila Snow Mountains, to warm climate with 30c at sea-level in its wide valleys.
The Tolima department is the third largest coffee producer in the country, representing the 12 of the national production. There are 116,229 hectares cultivated with coffee in 71,498 single estates and 61,465 coffee grower families. The quality of the coffee grown in this department is the result of favorable environmental conditions, the characteristics of the soil, and the traditional wet milling and natural drying done by the farmers.
“Excelso” is a grading term for exportable coffee from Colombia, not related to variety or cupping profile.
Colombian coffee is graded according to bean size: Supremo and Excelso beans are harvested from the same coffee trees, but they are sorted by size. Excelso coffee beans are large, but slightly smaller than Supremo coffee beans with a 15/16 screen size compared to 17/18 for Supremo.
Excelso accounts for the greatest volume of coffee exported from Colombia.