Aromas: Tangerine, dark chocolate, marmelade. Cup: Heavy body, coating texture, complex acidity, excellent structure. Tangerine upfront with underlying red berries, lots of chocolate and caramel throughout.
Sumatra Gayo mountain, Aceh the province at the northernmost tip of Sumatra, Aceh coffees are grown on central Aceh , in the lovely mountain basin surrounding Lake Tawar and the town of Takengon.
All are grown in shade and almost all without chemicals. There are 3 main district that coffee grown, Gayo Lues, Gayo Takengon, Bener Meriah.
The Gayo people are an ethnic group living in the highlands of the Aceh Province, Sumatra, Indonesia.
The Gayo tribe has a population of 336,856 and live predominantly in the mountains. Most Gayo live in three regencies in Aceh which are mostly coffee area, namely Bener Meriah, Central Aceh, and Gayo Lues. Some of them live in several districts in other regencies, such as Serbejadi District, Simpang Jernih District, etc.
The Gayonese language has four dialects: Lut, Serbejadi-Lukup, Lut and Luwes. Their language does not have a writing system, but folk tales, stories and poetry are passed down in oral tradition.
The traditional house of the Gayo is called Umah. The farms are traditionally intercropped with other fruits such as avocado, tamarello, cinnamon used also as shade tree.
Some of coffee platantions are shaded with Leucaena glauca.
Indonesia’s coffees have long been prized for a particular cup profile—a delicate acidity, creamy body and flavors from chocolate and red fruit to earthy, herbal, umami and sweet tobacco. The profile is the result of the country’s unique processing method, called wet hulled, or giling basah, in the Bahasa language.
Giling basah involves hulling the parchment at roughly 50 percent moisture content—versus 10 to 12 percent moisture, as is more common around the world). The parchment is then hulled and bagged and sent to rest—which is also unique to Indonesia. Elsewhere, hulling typically takes places just before the coffee is shipped to the port.
InterAmerican buys Grade 1 Sumatra coffees as Double-Picked (DP) or Triple-Picked (TP), referring to the number of times the coffee is hand-sorted for defects. This extra quality control measure further contributes to a very consistent cup that’ comprised of cherries picked at optimum ripeness.